Benefits we Gain from Stem Cell Research
Stem cells are needed in regenerative medicine. This is due to their critical role in the treatment of many complex diseases and injuries. This matter of stem cell research offers both so much promise, and so much controversy.
Stem cells are special cells in our bodies, which can change into different types of cells, like muscle cells, organ cells, as well as brain cells. There are two types of these cells, the embryonic stem cells, and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells come from unused human embryos, and are thus relied on for research purposes. The embryos shall be made through in vitro fertilization. You shall see them change into many different types of cells. Adult stem cells, on the other hand, can only become one of two types. They are gotten from fully developed tissue, such as in bone marrow, skin and brain.
Seeing as stem cells can become other cells, stem cell therapy works to using them to replace ones damaged or dysfunctional. Here are cases that show what potential stem cell therapy holds.
If your corneas were damaged before, you can have them repaired. There shall be harvesting of stem cells in the limbus, that area of the eye between the iris and sclera. They shall then undergo multiplication in the lab. Once they hit a desirable number, they will be put back into the damaged eye, thus giving you your sight back.
You can now have your skin restored after surviving a serious burn. Skin stem cells shall be applied in the development of new skin, which will, in turn, be used to cover those areas that had lost skin in the burn. The research currently is focused on finding ways to make the new skin have its own hair, sweat glands, and oil glands.
Stem cells have also proven beneficial in eliminating the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. When the brain cells or neurons of the dopamine-producing region of the brain degenerate, patients suffer tremors, slow movement, rigidity of the limbs, balance and gait issues, alterations in their speech and writing. Through stem cells regeneration, there shall be new dopamine-inducing neurons to replace the damaged ones.
Chemotherapy is used to treat cancer, but it leaves in its wake the destruction of your stem cells. When the chemo is over, it is important to have new stem cells put back into your body. They will go to the bone marrow, to grow and develop into healthy blood cells.
There are even more areas where stem cell therapy is beneficial, such as for treating the damage heart complications like heart attacks cause. These examples are ideal in showing why stem cell therapy should be taken seriously. You shall learn more about the subject on this site.